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The Lexington Minuteman is a life-size bronze figure of a colonial farmer with musket by Boston sculptor Henry H. Kitson. It stands at the southeast corner of the Lexington Battle Green, facing the route of the British advance.
Originally a functioning drinking fountain and watering place for men, horses, cattle and dogs, it was unveiled on April 19, 1900, the 125th anniversary of the battle. The sculpture/fountain was funded by a $10,000 bequest from Francis Brown Hayes.
The man atop the fieldstone base is supposed to depict Captain John Parker, leader of the Lexington militia in 1775, although no images of him exist. Medford resident Arthur Mather, among others, served as a model for the sculptor.
Although called the “Minuteman”, it is meant to represent a member of the Lexington militia, local colonists who had volunteered to be first responders to military and other threats. The actual Minutemen were an elite subset of this group, young and fit and able to respond quickly.
Intersection of Bedford Street and Massachusetts Avenue, at the southeast corner of the Battle Green
Costumed Battle Green Guides are available to answer questions and give a brief overview of the events that took place on the Battle Green.
Interested in a private tour? Click here for details!
It was here, on the morning of April 19, 1775, that “the first blood was spilt in the dispute with Great Britain,” as George Washington wrote in his diary. In this first skirmish, 77 Lexington militia, often called Minutemen (local colonists who had volunteered to be first responders to military and other threats) faced British Regulars.
Eight Minutemen lost their lives and 10 were wounded. Two British soldiers were also injured. After the battle, Samuel Adams exclaimed to John Hancock, “What a glorious morning for America!”
The Battle Green is a National Historic Landmard, and is considered consecrated ground, both for the blood shed on it and for the Minutemen who are interred here. It is one of the only places in the United States where the US flag is authorized by Congress to fly 24 hours a day.
There are several monuments on the Battle Green:
- The Minuteman Statue
- The Revolutionary War Monument, a granite obelisk erected in 1799, which marks one end of the line of Minutemen that stretched across the Battle Green to confront the British Regulars. In 1835, the remains of seven of the eight miltiamen killed in the battle were exhumed from the nearby Old Burying Ground and reburied within the monument's iron fence.
- A boulder marks the other end of the Minutemen's line. It is inscribed with Captain John Parker's famous quote:
“Stand your ground. Don’t fire unless fired upon, but if they mean to have a war, let it begin here.”
- A relief of the Battle of Lexington by noted sculptor Bashka Paeff.
- A bronze plaque, placed in 1910 by the Daughters of the American Revolution, which marks the original location of the Belfry.
Lexington Center at the junction of Massachusetts Avenue and Bedford Street (Rt. 4/225).
Originally built on its present site in 1762, the Belfry was moved to the Battle Green in 1768.
From there the bell summoned people to worship, warned them of danger, tolled on their deaths, and sounded the alarm of April 19, 1775. After the original structure was lost to fire, this exact reproduction was built in 1910 on the Belfry’s original site on Belfry Hill.
A plaque marks it's previous location on the Battle Green.
The Belfry is located atop the hill at Massachusetts Avenue and Clarke Street — to your left as you face the front of the Minuteman Statue.
The oldest tavern in Lexington, open for tours spring - fall. Find out more
The tavern was licensed to serve drovers in 1713, and served as a place for churchgoers during the Sunday nooning. Here, about 77 Minutemen gathered in the early hours of April 19, 1775, while awaiting the British regulars.
The interior today is much the same as it was when the tavern was the headquarters of the Minutemen. Among the many items on display is the Tavern’s old front door with a bullet hole from the 1775 Battle of Lexington.
To the left of the tavern is the Memorial to the Lexington Minutemen of 1775, erected in 1949, and containing the names of the Minutemen who died on the Green in the first battle of the Revolutionary War. The inscription reads “these men gave everything dear in life Yea and Life itself in support of the common cause.”
Across from the Lexington Battle Green at 1 Bedford Street.
The Old Burying Ground
The gravestones on this site, dating from 1690, are the oldest in Lexington. Burials here include many Revolutionary and Civil war soldiers and veterans, including a British soldier wounded on the British retreat from Concord on April 19, 1775 who died three days later in Buckman Tavern.
The Old Burying Ground is located off Massachusetts Avenue, west of the Lexington Battle Green. Walk in from Harrington Road at the stone marker next to the church.
Hancock-Clarke House (circa 1698)
Open for tours spring - fall. Find out more
Home of the Hancocks and the Clarkes, this house was the destination of Paul Revere on the night of April 18, 1775, as he and William Dawes rode from Boston to warn the sleeping Samuel Adams and John Hancock (first signer of the Declaration of independence) of the coming of British troops.
The house contains period furnishings and portraits, William Diamond’s drum, and the British Major Pitcairn’s pistols. A barn behind the Hancock-Clarke House serves as the Society’s Fire Equipment Museum.
36 Hancock Street
Built in 1847, the Depot building was once the social center and ceremonial heart of Lexington. At one time, as many as nineteen trains stopped there each day transporting passengers to and from Boston. This historic building has been renovated to serve as the headquarters of the Lexington Historical Society.
The Depot is located in Lexington Center at Depot Square.
Munroe Tavern (circa 1690)
Open for tours spring - fall. Find out more
More than 300 years old, this former tavern served as a temporary headquarters and field hospital for British Brigadier General Earl Percy and his 1,000 reinforcements on the afternoon of April 19, 1775. Fourteen years later, President Washington dined at the tavern when he visited the Lexington battlefield in 1789.
The tavern contains artifacts from his visit and many articles used by the Munroe family when they ran the tavern from 1770 to 1827.
1332 Massachusetts Avenue
Lexington Visitors Center
Open all year. Find out more
Your one-stop-shop for information about the town, its Colonial history, and the surrounding area.
- Diorama of the Battle of Lexington
- Dozens of book titles, specializing in history and Colonial New England
- Lexington-themed apparel
- Custom & unique Lexington gift items
- Public restrooms
- Water and soda available for purchase
1605 Massachusetts Avenue
Liberty Ride Trolley Tour
Tours April - October. Find out more
Ninety minute narrated tour through the history of Lexington and Concord.
USS Lexington Memorial
A moving tribute to the 5 ships named for Lexington and the people who served aboard them.
Scottish Rite Masonic Museum and Library
Open Wednesday - Saturday. Find out more
This unique museum “tells the story of Freemasonry and fraternalism in the context of American history.” Many interesting online and inhouse exhibits of Americana.
33 Marrett Rd.
Lexington Arts and Crafts Society
Offering exhibits of local artists in their Parsons Gallery, as well as open studio tours, classes, workshops and other events.
130 Waltham St.
Munroe Center for the Arts
A community arts center with exhibits of local work, performances, and classes and workshops.
1403 Massachusetts Ave